What You Eat & Your Genes

By Lucia Rivas-Herry

Lucia is a nutritionist and engineer with a passion for all things microbiome and genetics. https://nutritionismedicine.com.au/ References: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2017). Impact of overweight and obesity as a risk factor for chronic conditions: Australian Burden of Disease Study. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/getmedia/f8618e51-c1c4-4dfb-85e0-54ea19500c91/20700.pdf.aspx?inline=true Baier, L. J., Sacchettini, J. C., Knowler, W. C., Eads, J., Paolisso, G., Tataranni, P. A., … Prochazka, M. (1995). An amino acid substitution in the human intestinal fatty acid-binding protein is associated with increased fatty acid binding, increased fat oxidation, and insulin resistance. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 95(3), 1281–1287. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI117778 Frayling, T. M., Timpson, N. J., Weedon, M. N., Zeggini, E., Freathy, R. M., Lindgren, C. M., … McCarthy, M. I. (2007). A common variant in the FTO gene is associated with body mass index and predisposes to childhood and adult obesity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5826), 889–894. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1141634 Hagberg, J. M., Wilund, K. R., & Ferrell, R. E. (2000). APO E gene and gene-environment effects on plasma lipoprotein-lipid levels. Physiological Genomics, 4(2), 101–108. https://doi.org/10.1152/physiolgenomics.2000.4.2.101 Kilpeläinen, T. O., Qi, L., Brage, S., Sharp, S. J., Sonestedt, E., Demerath, E., … Loos, R. J. F. (2011). Physical activity attenuates the influence of FTO variants on obesity risk: a meta-analysis of 218,166 adults and 19,268 children. PLoS Medicine, 8(11), e1001116. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001116 Schaefer, E. J. (2002). Lipoproteins, nutrition, and heart disease. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 75(2), 191–212. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/75.2.191 smartDNA Practitioner | Reference Library. (n.d.). Retrieved November 7, 2018, from https://tportal.smartdna.com.au/reference-library/ Smith, M. Williams S., (2015). Gene Genius. North Sydney, Harlequin Enterprises What is Epigenetics? | Australian Epigenetics Alliance. (n.d.). Retrieved November 7, 2018, from http://epialliance.org.au/what-is-epi/

The Nutritional Value of Touch

By Anne Thistleton

Anne supports families to improve sleep, heal from trauma and form secure attachments in healthy ways. She has a private practice in Brisbane, Australia, and also offers client sessions via zoom. Email: info@thebabycalmer.com.au www.thebabycalmer.com.auinfo@thebabycalmer.com.au www.thebabycalmer.com.au REFERENCES: (I can’t get them all to indent on the second line … needs to be 5 spaces in!) Auckett, A. (1982). Baby massage: Parent-child bonding through touch. New York, NY: Newmarket Press Dana, D. (2018). The polyvagal theory in therapy: Engaging the rhythm of regulation. New York,York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company Field, T. (2003). Touch. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press Heller, S. (1997). The vital touch: How intimate contact with your baby leads to happier, healthier development. New York, NY: Owl Books    Kain, K. L., & Terrell, S. J. (2018). Nurturing resilience: Helping clients move forward from developmental trauma. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books Kluck-Ebbin, M. (2003). Hands on baby massage. Philadelphia, PA: Running Press Kuchinskas, S. (2009). The chemistry of connection: How the oxytocin response can help you find trust, intimacy, and love. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications Inc Levine, L., & Munsch, J. (2014). Child development: An active learning approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. McClure, V. (2000). Infant massage: A handbook for loving parents. New York, NY: Bantam Books McKenna, J. (2007). Sleeping with your baby: A parent’s guide to cosleeping. Washington, DC: Platypus Media Moberg, K. (2003). The oxytocin factor: Tapping the hormone of calm, love and healing. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press Montagu, Ashley. (1986). Touching: The human significance of the skin. New York, NY: Harper & Row Porges, S. (1993). The infant's sixth sense: Awareness and regulation of bodily processes. Zero to Three, 14, 12-16. Porges, S. (2011). The polyvagal theory: Neurophysiological foundations of emotions, attachment, communication and self-regulation. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company Tronick, E. (2007). The neurobehavioural and social-emotional development of infants and children. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company Walker, P. (2011). Developmental baby massage: Therapeutic touch techniques for making your baby stronger, healthier and happier. Beverly, MA: Fair Winds Press Woodfield, J. (2004). Healing massage for babies and toddlers. Edinburgh, UK: Floris Books

Pyrrole Disorder

By Beth Bonfiglio

Beth Bonfiglio, founder of Little Fusspot, helps people all over the world with mealtimes that are less than peaceful, bringing the core fundamentals of many different professions together to make a one-stop-shop for all types of fussy eaters. www.littlefusspot.com References References accessed 8th and 9th of June 2020 'Causes of Death', 26 September 2018, Australian Bureau of Statistics, http://www.abs.gov.au/Causes-of-Death McGinnis R, Woody. Audhya, Tapan. Walsh, William J. Jackson, James A. McLaren-Howard, John. Lewis, Allen. Lauda, Peter H. Bibus, Douglas M. Jurnak, Frances. Leitha, Rtoman. Hoffer, Abram.  Discerning the Mauve Factor, Part 1 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18383989/ Altern Ther Health Med. 2008 May-Jun;14(3):15 McGinnis WR, Audhya T, Walsh WJ, Jackson JA, McLaren-Howard J, Lewis A, Lauda PH, Bibus DM, Jurnak F, Lietha R, Hoffer A. Discerning the Mauve Factor, Part 2 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18517107/ Altern Ther Health Med. 2008 May-Jun;14(3):56-62.PMID: 18517107  Schepker, Kristen Excess Pyrrole Production May Underlie Some Autism Cases https://holisticprimarycare.net/topics/chronic-disease/pyrrole-disorder-hidden-deficiencies-may-underlie-autism-spectrum-disorder/ Sunday, 16 October 2016 4:29 Adams JB, Audhya T, McDonough-Means S, Rubin RA, Quig D, Geis E, Gehn E, Loresto M, Mitchell J, Atwood S, Barnhouse S, Lee W Nutritional and metabolic status of children with autism vs. neurotypical children, and the association with autism severity. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2011 Jun 8;8(1):34. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-8-34.PMID: 21651783 Kira, Sue Pyrrole Disorder, Pyroluria https://www.truevitality.com.au/conditions/pyrrole-disorder/ Dr. Lawrence Wilson COPPER ELIMINATION, AND HOW TO HANDLE IT https://drlwilson.com/articles/copper%20elimination.htm?fbclid=IwAR2gGIie5Yzqxh6C0AYwFkTp-7Enp62i84yWxFedlhzspEvMZ-qqfTReOg0 Written April 2018 https://coppertoxic.com/?fbclid=IwAR1yKw6kprdeucIrh0PFUzXY8IuVVlgNx5DGHQqorBS2c-IABBMWtfaHi1M

Milking the Truth

By Beth Bonfiglio

Beth Bonfiglio, founder of Little Fusspot, helps people all over the world with mealtimes that are less than peaceful, bringing the core fundamentals of many different professions together to make a one-stop-shop for all types of fussy eaters. www.littlefusspot.com Page Break Resources accessed between 8th of June to 16th of June 2020 Most Human Beings are Lactose Intolerant: Here's Why https://www.collective-evolution.com/2013/04/03/over-75-of-earths-population-is-lactose-intolerant-for-a-reason-dairy-is-harmful/ By Arjun Walia, 3rd April 2013 Milk Making its Way Through Stages of Truth https://www.collective-evolution.com/2012/08/28/milk-making-its-way-through-stages-of-truth/ By Joe Martino, 28th August 2012 Dairy: 6 Reasons You Should Avoid It at All Costs or Why Following the USDA Food Pyramid Guidelines is Bad for Your Health (VIDEO) https://www.huffpost.com/entry/dairy-free-dairy-6-reason_b_558876 By Mark Hyman, MD, Contributor Practicing Physician. 07/01/2010 05:12am EDT | Updated December 6, 2017 CONSTIPATE YOUR BABY? (HINT) GOT MILK? http://notmilk.com/deb/constipate.html By Robert Cohen, executive director of the Dairy Education Board. Also Author of MILK – The Deadly Poison. Gastroesophageal Reflux and Cow Milk Allergy: Is There a Link? Salvatore, Silvia. Vandenplas, Yvan https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12415039/ Can You Eat Dairy If You Have Acid Reflux? https://www.healthline.com/health/gerd/dairy-and-acid-reflux Medically reviewed by Saurabh Sethi, MD, MPH — Written by Ashley Marcin — Updated on March 7, 2019 Garza et al, Special Properties of Human Milk, Clinics of Perinatology, 14: 11-32, 1987 Cow's Milk Allergy https://www.researchgate.net/publication/295400931_Cow's_Milk_Allergy Guwani Liyanage. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2015; 44(4): 220-225 Consumption of Cow's Milk as a Cause of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22043881/ Ziegler, Ekhard E. November 2011 FX Medicine Podcast: The Dental Diet podcast with Dr Lin Subscribed at https://www.fxmedicine.com.au/podcast/dental-diet-dr-steven-lin Fr Lin, Steven. 25th May 2018

Dissociation In Infants and Young Children: A Summary of the Research on it's Causes and Results

By Peter Ernest Haiman, Ph.D.

DEFINITIONS Epidemiology: The study of the incidence, prevalence and causes of disease. Frontal Cortex: The largest of the brain’s lobes, it is sensitive to incoming stimuli and the features of each one. Deficits in its function are associated with impairment in personality changes, schizophrenia, depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder (Buchsbaum, 2004). Limbic System: Brain structures associated with emotions. REFERENCES Allen, J. G., & Coyne, L. (1995). Dissociation and vulnerability to psychotic experience. The Dissociative Experiences Scale and the MMPI-2. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 183, 615–622. Allman, J. M., Watson, K. K., Tetreault, N. A., & Hakeem, A. (2005). Intuition and autism: a possible role for Von Economo neurons. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9, 367–373. Bion, W. R. (1962). Learning from experience. London: Heinemann. Bremner, J. D., & Brett, E. (1997). Trauma-related dissociative states and long-term psychopathology in posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 10, 37–49. Buchsbaum, M. S. (2004). American Journal of Psychiatry. American Psychiatric Association. Carlson, E., Yates, T. M., & Sroufe, L. A. (2008). Development of dissociation and development of the self. In P. F. Dell & J. A. O’Neil (Eds.), Dissociation and the dissociative disorders: DSM-V and beyond. New York: Routledge. Chiron, C., Jambaque, I., Nabbout, R., Lounes, R., Syrota, A., & Dulac, O. (1997). The right brain hemisphere is dominant in human infants. Brain, 120, 1057–1065. Cutting, J. (1992). The role of right hemisphere dysfunction in psychiatric disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 583–588. De Bellis, M. D., Casey, B. J., Dahl, R. E., Birmaher, B., Williamson, D. E., Thomas, K. M., Axelson, D. A., Frustaci, K., Boring, A. M., Hall, J., & Ryan, N. D. (2000). A pilot study of amygdala volume in pediatric generalized anxiety disorder. Biological Psychiatry, 48, 51–57. Dixon, A. K. (1998). Ethological strategies for defence in animals and humans: Their role in some psychiatric disorders. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 71, 417–445. Dutra, L., Bianchi, I., Lyons-Ruth, C., & Siegel, D. (2008). The relational context of dissociative phenomena. In P. F. Dell & J. A. O’Neil (Eds.), Dissociation and the dissociative disorders: DSM-V and beyond. New York: Routledge. Graham, Y. P., Heim, C., Goodman, S. H., Miller, A. H., & Nemeroff, C. B. (1999). The effects of neonatal stress on brain development: implications for psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 545–565. Hesse, E., & Main, M. M. (1999). Second-generation effects of unresolved trauma in non-maltreating parents: dissociated, frightened, and threatening parental behaviour. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 19, 481–540. Lanius, A., Vermetten, E. and Pain (eds.), The impact of early life trauma on health and disease: the hidden epidemic (33-42). Cambridge, U. K: Cambridge University Press. Loewenstein, R. J. (1996). Dissociative amnesia and dissociative fugue. In L. K. Michaelson & W. J. Ray (Eds.), Handbook of dissociation: Theoretical, empirical, and clinical perspectives (pp. 307–336). New York, NY: Plenum. Main, M. (1996). Introduction to the special section on attachment and psychopathology: 2. Overview of the field of attachment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 237–243. Meares, R. (1999). The contribution of Hughlings Jackson to an understanding of dissociation. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 850–1855. Mollon, P. (1996). Multiple selves, multiple voices: working with trauma, violation and dissociation. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Ogawa, J. R., Sroufe, L. A., Weinfield, N. S., Carlson, E. A., & Egeland, B. (1997). Development and the fragmented self: Longitudinal study of dissociative symptomatology in a non-clinical sample. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 855–879. Perry, B. D., Pollard, R. A., Blakley, T. L., Baker, W. L., & Vigilante, D. (1995). Childhood trauma, the neurobiology of adaptation, and ‘use-dependent’ development of the brain: How states become traits. Infant Mental Health Journal, 16, 271–291. Poeggel, G., & Braun, K. (1996). Early auditory filial learning in degus (Octodon degus): Behavioral and autoradiographic studies. Brain Research, 743, 162–170. Poeggel, G., Lange, E., Haase, C., Metzger, M., Gulyaeva, N. V., & Braun, K. (1999). Maternal separation and early social deprivation in Octodon degus: quantitative changes of NADPH-diaphorase reactive neurons in the prefrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens. Neuroscience, 94, Post, R. M., Weiss, S. R. B., & Leverich, G. S. (1994). Recurrent affective disorder: Roots in developmental neurobiology and illness progression based on changes in gene expression. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 781–813. Powles, W. E. (1992). Human development and homeostasis. Madison, CT: International Universities Press. Putnam, F. W. (1997). Dissociation in children and adolescents: a developmental perspective. New York: Guilford Press. Raz, A. (2004). Anatomy of attentional networks. Anatomical Records, 281B, 21–36. Schore, A. N. (1994). Affect regulation and the origin of the self: The neurobiology of emotional development. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Schore, A. N. (1996). The experience-dependent maturation of a regulatory system in the orbital prefrontal cortex and the origin of developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 59–87. Schore, A. N. (1997). Early organization of the nonlinear right brain and development of a predisposition to psychiatric disorders. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 595–631. Schore, A. N. (2001). The effects of relational trauma on right brain development, affect regulation, and infant mental health. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22, 201–269. Schore, A. N. (2002). Dysregulation of the right brain: a fundamental mechanism of traumatic attachment and the psychopathogenesis of posttraumatic stress disorder. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 36, 9–30. Schore, A. N. (2003a). Affect dysregulation and disorders of the self. New York: Norton. Schore, A. N. (2003c). Early relational trauma, disorganized attachment, and the development of a predisposition to violence. In D. Siegel & M. Solomon (Eds.), Healing Trauma: Attachment, Mind, Body, and Brain (pp. 101–167). New York: Norton. Schore, A. N. (2004). Commentary on “Dissociation: a developmental psychobiological perspective” by A. Panzer and M. Viljoen. South African Psychiatry Review, 7, 16–17. Schore, A. N. (2012). The Science of the Art of Psychotherapy. New York: Norton. Southall, D.P., Plunkett, M.C.B., Banks, M.W. et al, (1997). Covert video recordings of life-threatening child abuse: lessons for child protection. Journal of Pediatrics. American Academy of Pediatrics. Symonds, L. L., Gordon, N. S., Bixby, J. C., & Mande, M. M. (2006). Right-lateralized pain processing in the human cortex: An fMRI study. Journal of Neurophysiology, 95, 3823–3830. Szajnberg, N., Goldenberg, A., and Hatari, U. (2010). Early trauma, later outcomes: results from longitudinal studies and clinical observations. In R. A. Lanius, E. Vermetten and Pain (eds.), The impact of early life trauma on health and disease: the hidden epidemic (33-42). Cambridge, U. K: Cambridge University Press. Taylor, G. J., Bagby, R. M., & Parker, J. D. A. (1997). Disorders of affect regulation: Alexithymia in medical and psychiatric illness. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press Toth, S. C., & Cicchetti, D. (1998). Remembering, forgetting, and the effects of trauma on memory: a developmental psychopathologic perspective. Developmental and Psychopathology, 10, 580–605. Trevarthen, C. (1996). Lateral asymmetries in infancy: implications for the development of the hemispheres. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 20, 571–586. Tronick, E. Z. (2004). Why is connection with others so critical? Dyadic meaning-making, messiness and complexity governed selective processes which co-create and expand individuals’ states of consciousness. In J. Nadel & D. Muir (Eds.), Emotional Development. New York: Oxford University Press. Van der Kolk, B. A., & Fisler, R. E. (1994). Childhood abuse and neglect and loss of self-regulation. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 58, 145–168. Dr Peter Ernest Haiman provides counselling and/or psychotherapy to adults and adolescents. www.peterhaiman.com

The Mind-Altering Infuence of Scent

By Monica Shephard

Monica is a naturopath and nutritionist who specialises in mental health and particularly how we can continue to support ourselves with complementary medicine strategies. www.theorganicnaturopath.com References Herz, R. S., Schankler, C., & Beland, S. (2004). Olfaction, emotion and associative learning: Effects on motivated behaviour. Motivation and Emotion. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-004-2389-x Li, W. (2014). Learning to smell danger: Acquired associative representation of threat in the olfactory cortex. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00098 Wilson, D. A., & Sullivan, R. M. (1994). Neurobiology of associative learning in the neonate: Early olfactory learning. Behavioural and Neural Biology. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0163-1047(05)80039-1


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